- Combine oral instructions with visual cues, including pictures and specific gestures.
- Keep all the instructions as short and straightforward as possible .
- Check the understanding of the given instructions before students begin their work .
- Set a routine so that students know what type of task to expect .
- Allow some thinking time after the instructions for students to process them .
- Provide students with a choice between different assignment types .
- Allow students to choose how they will complete a task: individually, in pairs, or in small groups .
- Give students a choice of different content on the same topic .
- Tailor the assignments to the students’ individual learning goals .
- Modify the same assignment materials for students with ability differences .
- Allow students to conduct self-assessments using an easy checklist .
- When preparing a test, modify the question types to suit different learners .
- Co-create learning targets together with students for them to refer back to .
- Provide each student with a self-assessment journal for the school year .
- Allow students to assess each other and each other’s behavior.
Teaching Reading Skills
- Allow students to choose the materials for the reading activities .
- Divide the students into reading groups according to their reading level .
- Modify the same reading material to ensure that all students can work with it .
- Use visual aids to introduce new vocabulary to the students.
- Employ a multisensory approach when teaching students reading skills .
Teaching Writing Skills
- Provide students with tracing materials to practice their handwriting .
- Encourage students to practice drawing letters in the air .
- Give students “bumpy paper” to prevent them from writing outside specific boundaries .
- Use a graphic or visual checklist to help students with their assignments .
- Provide students who are unable to write with voice-to-text technology .
Behavioral Management Strategies
- Ensure all students know and understand the classroom rules.
- Set specific and enforceable consequences for disruptive behavior in the classroom .
- Design a predictable routine to prevent students from getting frustrated and disruptive .
- Reward good behavior in the classroom by awarding students with small incentives or tokens.
- Ensure that all disruptive behavior is addressed, with no students being allowed to act obtrusively.
Refusal to Complete Assignments
- Discover the root causes of a student’s refusal to complete tasks.
- Ensure that students understand what they need to do when assigning tasks.
- Design a reward system for completing classroom tasks and homework .
- Encourage competition between the pairs and groups of students to promote engagements with assignments.
- Allow the student to correct each other’s behavior when needed.
Aggressive Behavior and Bullying
- Set rules and behavioral expectations for all students in the class.
- Build rapport with the students to prevent incidents of bullying .
- Design behavioral and social skills interventions for students with aggressive behavior .
- Rewards students for being helpful and friendly towards others.
- Promote inclusion and avoid excluding aggressive students as it may exacerbate their behavior .
Students Being Inattentive
- Structure the classroom in a specific way to prevent students from getting distracted .
- Ensure there are no distracting objects in the classroom .
- Create a predictable and fast-paced classroom routine for students .
- Keep instructions short and simple and refrain from overexplaining assignments.
- Keep activities for inattentive students short and vary them often.
Students Refusing to Socialize
- Establish why the student does not want to engage with others.
- Rearrange the classroom for students to sit in closer proximity to each other .
- Promote short activities in pairs or small groups to encourage mixing.
- Build a trusting relationship with the student and reward them for socializing .
- Respect the students’ desire to work alone if that fits their learning style.
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- Finley T. Teaching a class with big ability differences [Internet]. Edutopia. 2017. Web.
- The Understood Team. 6 strategies teachers use to help kids who learn and think differently [Internet]. Understood.org. 2018. Web.
- Parrish N. Ensuring that instruction is inclusive for diverse learners [Internet]. Edutopia. 2019. Web.
- Differentiated instruction strategies in the classroom [Internet]. Classtime Blog. 2018. Web.
- Brookhart S, Lazarus S. Formative assessment for students with disabilities [Internet]. Washington, DC: The Council of Chief State School Officers State Collaboratives on Assessing Special Education Students and Formative Assessment; 2017 p. 1-34. Web.
- Killian S. 10 potent behaviour management strategies [Internet]. Evidence-Based Teaching. 2016. Web.
- Banks A. 5 behavior management strategies for students with challenges [Internet]. Insights to Behavior. 2020. Web.