Background of the study
The practice of nursing is faced with an ever-increasing demand from society each year. This has been attributed to a rise in multiculturalism within these societies, decreasing resources relative to their demands, the need for continuity of health-care knowledge, and the ever-advancing technology (Billings and Halstead, 2009, p.1). The responsibility of ensuring that the educational outcomes of the nursing education are positive lies squarely on the shoulders of the educators. Therefore, there is a need for educational leaders in health care to devise new systems of delivering the information on health issues facing the industry to nurses and the community in general.
This curriculum objectives paper entails a discussion on the community-based approach to diabetes in the State of Mississippi that is aimed at educating key players in the field of diabetes control and the communities affected. Additionally, the paper gives a basic content outline (using the lesson plan format) to be followed by the educators during the process.
A Community-based Approach to diabetes in the State of Mississippi
According to a report by CDC, the incidences of diabetes have increased by almost 90% in the last few decades in the United States. This report was the result of a study carried out in 33 states in the United States using the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance system (BRFSS). The incidences of new cases of diabetes were high in States that are to the South such as California (Klonoff, 2009, par.5). To take care of the huge number of patients including children, the American Nurses Association (ANA) in collaboration with the California School Nurses Organization (CSNO) have plans in place to ensure that diabetic school-going children receive health-care services during their school days (American Nurses Association, 2009, p.1). These services include administration of Insulin which can be done by licensed school nurses, school-going patients with the parent’s or guardians’ signed permission, or any trained and licensed school employee. This approach has led to a decrease in the incidences of newly diagnosed cases of diabetes in the State.
Obesity is said to be a predisposing factor for the development of diabetes type II. In the United States, the increase in the incidences of diabetes is directly proportional to the incidences of obesity (Klonoff, 2009, par.13). In a study aimed at determining the prevalence of obesity, it was discovered that there was a prevalence rate of 15% in every State for obese adults (Klonoff, 2009, par.14). However, Mississippi and two other states recorded a rate of 30%. Obese patients and especially children can be identified by health workers to give them information on ways of changing their lifestyles. This is the initiative being undertaken by the Mississippi State Department of Health through various programs aimed at getting school-going children to make lifelong healthy decisions. The program is being undertaken in collaboration with the Mississippi Department of Education’s Office of Healthy Schools and a branch of CDC known as the Healthy Youth Division (Summer Safety, 2010, pp.5-21).
The Basic Content Outline
Curriculum Objectives: LESSON PLAN FORMAT
Goal or Learner Outcome: The learner implements proper dieting and exercising interventions into daily practice. Upon completion of this learning unit, the learner will be able to:
- Identify risk factors that increase diabetes.
- State the principles of proper nutritional dieting habits that check obesity.
- Identify the components of an effective exercise regimen for an obesity control program.
- Participate in a program of progressive physical activity and physical education (DeYoung, 2009, pp.23-38).
The program would be set up using a quantitative approach with a control group, treatment groups, randomization procedures, and evaluation of independent and dependent variables. Each teaching/learning session will be two hours in length.
|Instructional Methods/Teaching Strategies |
|Instructional Materials/Equipment/Resources |
|Evaluation Methods |
Source: (DeYoung, 2009, pp.23-38).
The paper has provided an in-depth discussion into the prevalence rates of diabetes in the United States particularly the State of California and Mississippi. It has also provided community-based approaches towards the prevention of cases of obesity which is a risk factor for the occurrence of type II diabetes. Finally, the paper gives a detailed content outline for the curriculum objectives to be used during the educational program.
American Nurses Association. (2009). Update on medication administration
litigation. ANA & CSNO, 2009. Web.
Billings, D.M. and Halsread, J.A. (2009). Teaching in Nursing: A guide for faculty. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders.
DeYoung, S. (2009). Teaching strategies for nurse educators. (2nd ed). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Klonoff, D.C. (2009). The increasing incidence of diabetes in the 21st Century. J Diabetes Sci Technol. 3(1): 1-2.
Summer Safety. (2010). Coordinated school health: obesity and physical activity. Mississippi State Department of health. Web.