Components of Resilient Classrooms

Resilience is an essential aspect of studying in classrooms as it improves students’ performance and promotes effective learning. There are six components of resilient classrooms divided into two strands: self-agency and relationship (Woolfolk, 2018). The first strand includes academic self-efficacy, behavioral self-control, and academic self-determination components. According to Woolfolk (2018), self-efficacy is associated with students’ faith in their ability to obtain knowledge through learning. Self-efficacy in the preschool context may be stimulated by having children keep a (visual) journal with their proudest accomplishments, such as cherished drawings. The second component, behavioral self-control, involves students regulating their behavior (Woolfolk, 2018). For instance, kids may be given the instruments that can be shaken or slapped to make a sound and instructed only to play along when music plays; they must stop once the music does. This approach is excellent for engaging preschoolers in a game that fosters controlled behaviors. Finally, academic self-determination entails having learners choose and consistently work to achieve their educational goals (Woolfolk, 2018). Teachers may ask their students to draw their interests and explain how studies can help them follow their illustrated dreams.

The relationship strand includes teacher-student, home-school, and peer relationships. Firstly, Woolfolk (2018) suggests that “caring teacher-student relationships” encourage students to attain higher grades and be more ambitious (p. 265). A teacher may ask kids to list a favorite classroom activity and then respond by supporting the child’s observation. For instance, if a child says they enjoy drawing animals, complimenting their color choices and accuracy may create a tight connection. Then, effective peer relations “are critical in connecting students to school” (Woolfolk, 2018, p. 239). The educator may give kids a collaborative task such as holding hands in an arbitrary order and then untangling themselves without breaking the connection. Thus, the students would learn to work as a team and rely on others to accomplish a task. Finally, solid home-school relationships are crucial as consistent parental involvement enables children to thrive in their learning (Woolfolk, 2018). For instance, the teacher may have students make a drawing of the family, but only draw a half of each person and have parents complete the other half. Thus, the parents would have a shared activity with a child, fostering closeness and commitment.


Woolfolk, A. (2018). Educational psychology (13th ed.). Pearson.

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ChalkyPapers. "Components of Resilient Classrooms." April 10, 2023.