Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance

Cite this

Introduction

Nowadays, the problem of the students’ outperformance in science class is recognized by teachers, school administration, and U.S. officials. The government adopts policies that increase the students’ accountability and attempt to achieve a significant increase in the students’ performance. However, to attain positive results it is necessary to take into consideration many aspects influencing the level of proficiency both in teachers and students: the environment in school and class; teaching and learning models; students’ and teachers’ perceptions of various dimensions in education; students’ communication with peers and adults in school, etc.

Cut 15% OFF your first order
We’ll deliver a custom Challenges of Learning paper tailored to your requirements with a good discount
Use discount
322 specialists online

Main body

Since the problem of outperformance in class is up-to-date, many researchers in education devote their studies to the examination of the educational models and their impacts on teachers and students. It is observed that the current generalized elementary school model may be rather considered ineffective. First of all, it is found that it is characterized by teachers’ heavy workloads, inefficient time management, and high level of stress (Strohl, Schmertzing, & Schmertzing, 2014). These effects of one-content class provoke negative impacts on teachers’ level of knowledge, self-efficacy, and confidence. As the result, poor instructing capabilities negatively affect students’ performance.

Investigation of departmentalization is of great significance because it can provide the solution for the present-day problems in elementary education. In the previous literature findings, the researchers demonstrate that the given model can positively affect teaching and learning processes in school. First of all, it is observed that departmentalization impacts the teachers’ perception of self and profession in a good way (Diamond, Maerten-Rivera, & Rohrer, 2013; Johnson, 2013). Since in this model of class organization, teachers have to instruct different groups of students in one subject, then the time for the lesson preparation reduces. As the result, instructors can devote more time to the consolidation of their professional competency and knowledge, they design and plan lessons in a more creative way.

The researchers found that teachers play one of the most important roles in the development of the student’s academic capabilities (Horton, 2013). Therefore, the improvement of the teachers’ professional efficiency influences students’ performance well. However, many other factors must be taken into consideration while analyzing students’ academic achievements. When talking about the element students, along with the academic needs, it is important to evaluate their social and personal needs as well. The overall environment in school affects students’ perception of self, peers, and adults (Johnson, 2013). The disturbing climate in class may induce excess stress in the students, and they can experience difficulties in learning because of it.

Conclusion

In recent research, the findings regarding the effects of departmentalization of students are controversial, and the generalized model remains a preferred method of education in the vast majority of elementary schools. For the increase of the departmentalized model acceptance, it is important to provide reliable and valid data, first of all, regarding its influence on students. Therefore, the evaluation of the psychological and academic needs of the students is needed.

The investigation of departmentalization in relation to its positive and negative impacts on elementary students – their perceptions of self, the environment in class, self-efficiency, and communication with teachers – is very important for the field of education. The findings of the further research may contribute to the popularization of departmentalization as the alternative method of class organization.

On-Time Delivery!
Get your customised and 100% plagiarism-free paper done in as little as 3 hours
Let’s start
322 specialists online

References

Diamond, B. S., Maerten-Rivera, J., & Rohrer, R. (2013). Elementary teachers’ science content knowledge: Relationships among multiple measures. Florida Journal of Educational Research, 51, 1-20.

Freiberg, E. (2014). The relationship between academic performance and elementary student and teacher attitudes towards departmentalizing. Web.

Hanks, M. (2013). A study of fifth grade students’ perceptions and attitudes of a self-contained versus a departmentalized middle school classroom. Master of Education Theses & Projects, 60, 1-76. Web.

Hargreaves, A., Earl, L., & Ryan, J. (2013). Schooling for change: Reinventing education for early adolescents. New York, NY: Routledge.

Get a custom-written paper
For only $13.00 $11/page you can get a custom-written academic paper according to your instructions
Let us help you
322 specialists online

Horton, L. A. (2013). Self-contained to departmentalization: A case study of academic achievement in fifth grade classes at an urban elementary school. Web.

Johnson, M. L. (2013). The benefits of departmentalization in upper elementary grades for students and teachers. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. Web.

Landahl, M. P. (2012). Elementary principals’ perceptions of institutional structures. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. Web.

McNeil, L. M. (2013). Contradictions of control: School structure and school knowledge. New York, NY: Routledge.

Nelson, K. (2014). A study comparing fifth grade student achievement in mathematics in departmentalized and non-departmentalized settings. Doctoral Dissertations and Projects, 829, 1-194. Web.

Stewart, L. L. (2015). Teachers’ perspectives on self-contained and departmentalized instructional models. Web.

Strohl, A., Schmertzing, L., & Schmertzing, R. (2014). Elementary teachers’ experiences and perceptions of departmentalized instruction: A case study. Journal of Case Studies in Education, 6, 1-17.

Strohl, A., Schmertzing, L., Schmertzing, R., & Hsiao, E. (2014). Comparison of self-contained and departmentalized elementary teachers’ perceptions of classroom structure and job satisfaction. Journal of Studies in Education, 4(1), 109-127.

Taylor-Buckner, N. (2014). The effects of elementary departmentalization on mathematics proficiency. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. Web.

Thomson, M. M., & Kaufmann, E. (2012). Elementary teachers’ views of their science professional development attendance: An expectancy-value approach. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 9(1), 45-58.

Watts, T. C. (2012). Departmentalization and twenty-first century skills. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text. Web.

Cite this paper

Select style

Reference

ChalkyPapers. (2022, February 14). Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance. Retrieved from https://chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/

Reference

ChalkyPapers. (2022, February 14). Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance. https://chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/

Work Cited

"Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance." ChalkyPapers, 14 Feb. 2022, chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/.

References

ChalkyPapers. (2022) 'Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance'. 14 February.

References

ChalkyPapers. 2022. "Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance." February 14, 2022. https://chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/.

1. ChalkyPapers. "Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance." February 14, 2022. https://chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/.


Bibliography


ChalkyPapers. "Evaluation of the Effects of Elementary School Departmentalization on Student Performance." February 14, 2022. https://chalkypapers.com/evaluation-of-the-effects-of-elementary-school-departmentalization-on-student-performance/.