Is Public Schooling a Success?


Public schools refer to the learning institutions that the government funds in terms of resources allocated, and the human resource that is utilized in running the schools. These schools offer opportunities for children starting from kindergarten to higher education. Public schooling is characterized by academic activities and extracurricular activities that are taken as the key programs in the sector (Cleary, 2017). Public schooling is a success since there have been elements of democratic citizenship, promotion of social needs, development of diversity and many other aspects in Canada and other parts of the world.

Reasons for Establishing Public Schools

The history and evolution of public schools in Canada have filled multiple roles. These institutions came to be established to enable democracy to be experienced, neutralize the societal stratification cues, and foster communal and global growth in terms of educational perspectives that drove civilization and freedom to common good. The other reason public schools were established is to promote cohesion across classes and improve social outcomes (Coughlan, 2017). Through public schools, the knowledge that comes as a result of common interaction is felt to a notable extent. Additionally, providing universal access to education was another reason why such schools were developed in Canada and other regions in the world. Since the responsibility to run the schools is based on the governing authorities, the cost to join a public school is usually low.

The development of public schools was an exercise of building a community. For example, where these schools can be found, it is likely to find other social amenities such as hospitals, administrative bodies, and the local market enterprises that help a community to grow. When citizens of a given place are given the role to run their schools, they feel valued, and that promotes the essence of communal development (Wotherspoon & Milne, 2020). Furthermore, opening public schools helps grow the diversity and immigration aspects. For example, public schools offer education to children from all walks of life, unlike private schools that may be segmented towards a given sub-group. Therefore, public schools are a key sector in community development and the growth of social components in society.

Functions and Impacts of Public Schools

Public schooling serves various functions and also impacts society in various ways. Firstly, through public schooling, equality for all groups is achieved. This point is vital because of the maintaining of common standards obtained while one is in public schools (Wotherspoon & Milne, 2020). For example, a student from British Columbia who shares classes with another one from Vancouver will feel equal despite regional differences (Ontario MOE, 2019). Secondly, the provision of public schooling has led to educational equity and opportunities. A student who studies from a state-sponsored school gains universal experience since instructors in the institutions are trained and given a key role in shaping the students.

When a leaner is allowed to have equity in terms of facilities, content, and locational perspectives while in school, it triggers the mind of self-expansion, which is an important trait in life. After establishing public schools, Canada and the world began to address social needs more so that which were based on poor communities. Thus, through the resources found in the institutions, a child can benefit hence, helping them grow in the future (Coughlan, 2017). Additionally, public schooling brought along a decentralized system that is applicable in many fields hence, serving as a foundational platform for administration on society.

The approach to governance in Canada is taken to another level due to the evident administrative and management roles in public schools. The authority learned in these schools helps a person grow while knowing the attributes of life that require them to be aligned positively in life (Ude et al., 2019). Lastly, public education has led to high-quality delivery of academic paraphernalia since these schools are guided by the constitution, ethics in education, and also organizational metrics that drive success. Thus, through the sector, many children are able to get a full-baked education to assist them in the future.

The Success of Public Schooling and Roles in Society

The literacy levels that the country has witnessed at the end of the World War II is a complete and justifiable measure to show the success of public schools. Many learners pass through this system as they advance to their careers, and therefore, the breakthrough of public schools can be gauged. Canada having world-class universities and colleges also proves the success of public education. For example, the University of Toronto, McGill University, Simon Fraser University, among others, have been key educational firms that offer a scholarship to both domestic and international learners (Cleary, 2017). Being regarded as top-class, these institutions show the success and development of public schools.

Canada ranks third among other international counterparts who offer education in the world. Therefore, that shows the success of public education, and one can give a background as to why it should be embraced in society. For example, Ontario Province has been moving to improve its educational provision, hence becoming the top among others globally. The government’s innovation through a collaborative base with the community has been able to see a breakthrough that helps navigate the educational factors that are essential in development (Ontario MOE, 2019). The province has more than 13 million citizens of Canada, with 2 million enrolled in public schools (Ontario MOE, 2019 par.3). Additionally, more than 120,000 educators and 5,000 public schools can ascertain the success of public schooling in Canada (Ontario MOE, 2019 par.4). Therefore, public schools have led to major globalization cues in Canada and other parts of the world through the above elements. These schools’ roles can be related to the development of diversity, equality and equality, and promotion of national cohesion, as depicted in the first two sections of this work.

Public-Funded Schools Alignment to Dream and Reality in the Society

The dream of public schools from the earlier times was to enable society to expand in terms of capacity to settle on day-to-day issues. The extent can be seen through the public schooling system since most of the people working on the ground have passed through public institutions (Martin, 2018). The government’s support administrative elements are products of education, which mostly refer to public-funded institutions. For example, Canada has the highest number of people working who have passed through this system. Compared to other OECD countries, Canada takes 55% while the rest 45% (Wotherspoon & Milne, 2020, p.4). It means that people’s major and critical decisions on behalf of their country are from the experience of education from public schooling (Wotherspoon & Milne, 2020). Therefore, the reality is that public schools have produced phenomenal people who help the country follow the dream to become one of the superpowers economically, socially, and politically.


Public schools have brough equality and opportunities in the country. Through public schooling, leaners have interacted hence, enabling diversity to prevail in the society. there is accommodation for all persons in public schools since the institution are controlled by the government. Since end of World War II, Canada has experienced high literary levels especially due to the existence of public schooling. From the readings, it is true to say that public schools are a major component of global civilization. Additionally, due to the institutions, a country’s future can be predetermined through proper planning and execution of ideas.


Cleary, B. (2017). A reflection on the success of public schools. The Edvocate. Web.

Coughlan, S. (2017). How Canada became an education superpower. BBC News. Web.

Martin, D. (2018). Public history in schools? Why and how? Public History Weekly, 2018(19), 4. Web.

Ontario MOE. (2019). Greater equity means greater student success. Web.

Ude, U., Okechukwu, U., & Livinus, N. (2019). School plant and success of entrepreneurial subjects in public secondary schools in Afikpo education zone of Ebonyi State. Scientific Research Journal, 7(7), 3-8. Web.

Wotherspoon, T., & Milne, E. (2020). Public schooling and contested public discourses concerning reconciliation. Canadian Public Policy, 46(4), 445-457. Web.

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