Problem-based learning (PBL) is a type of developmental education that combines students’ systematic, independent search activity with the assimilation or ready-made conclusions of science. Like any other form of education, the principle of PBL has its advantages and disadvantages. Nevertheless, today, this method of acquiring new knowledge is the most effective.
PBL principles are used to achieve two main goals (Bradshaw & Hultquist, 2020). The first one is providing students’ independent search for new concepts and ways to apply them. The second goal is consistent and purposeful advancement of students’ cognitive problems, solving which scholars actively assimilate new knowledge. The advantages of the principle of PBL include the formation of a unique worldview of the student, during which the independent assimilation of knowledge contributes to personal beliefs. The creation of motivation to achieve the goals set by students develops the critical thinking necessary for decision-making. The development of students’ dialectical thinking ensures new connections in the studied phenomena and patterns.
Despite the advantages of the principle of PBL, this structure has its disadvantages. It is less applicable than other types of learning in the formation of practical skills (Moust et al., 2018). Furthermore, it requires much time to assimilate the same amount of knowledge in comparison with different kinds of learning such as developing, traditional, active, so, there is no perfect way to assimilate new knowledge.
In summary, the principles and methods of PBL are best suited to the modern world’s needs, in which immense amounts of data play a critical role. Using its regulations, a student can independently identify cause-and-effect relationships in the studied area. However, this approach requires more time to master, and the knowledge gained through this method is more challenging to apply in practice.
Bradshaw, M., & Hultquist, B. L. (2020). Innovative teaching strategies in nursing and related health professions (8th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Moust, J., Bouhuijs, P., & Schmidt, H. (2008). Introduction to problem-based learning. Routledge.