While a large number of people enjoy daily activities without thinking of any limitations, others may find it challenging to learn, play, or communicate. There are adults and children with intellectual disabilities (ID) who need external aid to learn how to manage daily life. Learning begins in early childhood and then continues in school. Educational strategies, therefore, should be appropriate for students with ID. In this work, the current practices that can assist in including students with ID and its advantages and disadvantage will be considered.
Limitations and delays in mental functioning characterize ID in terms of skills lagging. Children may have difficulties in adjusting to social rules, as well. To promote the adaptation and effective learning process, the teacher should have particular practices to assist children with ID. These practices start with the integration of the schedule elaborated for the children with ID into the general education curriculum.
In the classroom, the teacher may find it useful to provide students with ID with a quiet workspace or teach them practical things. Other inherent practices include using all senses to teach, involving these students in the group activities so that they could learn with other students.
Described practices can have advantages and disadvantages for students with ID. Specialists should choose a particular method on a case-by-case basis since an analysis of the effectiveness of the practice using is required. On the one hand, the creation of a separate academic schedule will provide better involving the student in the learning process.
Nevertheless, a distinct education would take away the student’s opportunity to socialize and eliminate healthy competition among classmates. The practice of using the maximum number of the child’s senses is quite experimental since not every student will agree to such methods. Moreover, the school and the teacher are required to have specific skills and technical equipment.
Hence, people with ID, in particular, are an inherent part of society. It is crucial to provide them with appropriate educational strategies in school. Despite the developmental delays they may have, these children need to learn and socialize. Such educational strategies as teaching practical things and integrating the children in the group work are to be used. Though it is not always possible to provide them with the necessary equipment, it is crucial to support and teach students with ID giving them the opportunity for a decent life.