Are learning and transfer of learning related?
Learning and transfer of learning are tightly connected terms, which difficult to define separately. Transfer of learning is an essential part of the learning process. The learning process includes obtaining the knowledge, skills, information, and understandings via reading, studying, or being taught. The transfer of learning is when that knowledge or skill is applied to a new situation (Illeris 114). For example, some skills that a person already has can be influenced in learning another skill in a positive or negative way.
How instructional objectives help learning occur
Instructional objectives are critical aspects of the whole learning process. Properly prepared and explained instructional objectives could enhance the efficiency of learning. Instructional objectives should clearly define what skills or knowledge learners will obtain and what is expected from them after the learning. Being aware of the aims and objectives of the learning process help learners to guide themselves and increases trust between the instructor and the learner throughout the whole period of training.
How practice helps learning. What could a trainer do in a training session to ensure that trainees engage in self -regulation?
Practicing new knowledge is the most important part of any learning process. Practice is the part of the learning, which consolidates the knowledge for a long time. When people learn something new but do not practice it, they quickly forget the new things they learned. Practicing the new knowledge or skills help to anchor the knowledge in the brain, and enhance the level of new skill being learned. Thus, practicing is a key to the success of both physical and intellectual learning. Self-regulation of trainees can be achieved by giving clear instruction and deep theoretical knowledge about the training process.
What learning conditions are necessary for short – and long-term retention of training content to occur
For the successful retention of the information or skill, clear objectives of the training are very important. When learners know what and why they are being trained for, the knowledge and skills will remain active for a longer period of time. Moreover, the context of the learning process is essential for the long-term retention of the training. The context stands for the physical, emotional, and intellectual environment of the training.
What is microlearning and how does it help enhance learning and transfer of training?
Microlearning is a specific way of training that includes a small, quick, and focused set of activities that help the learner to reach the objective of the training. Microlearning enhances the training due to being conducted in a timely manner. The small size of the action required to do in microlearning enables learners to do it quickly and at the exact time when they need practicing. Also, microlearning is found to be more engaging compared to the conventional learning.
What is near transfer? What is far transfer? What are their implications for training design?
The near transfer is known as the application of the knowledge or a skill to a similar context or environment to the training context. For example, a cashier in the mall, who performs payment receive service, was trained to do exactly the same actions. The near transfer is usually applied for routine and consistent tasks. The far transfer is related to learning that is applied in an environment that is different from the training conditions. It is efficient for the tasks that differ depending on the situation.
How employees can learn through interaction. Are some types of interaction best for learning in some situations but not others?
During the training, a learner can have several types of interactions. The learner can have interactions with the content, instructor, or other learners. Interaction with content means getting acknowledged with the learning materials. This type of interaction is important for a job where a person needs to know a lot of background information. The trainer-instructor interaction is beneficial for learning where a role model or supervisor is required for efficient learning. Finally, interaction with other learners is essential for the job where teamwork takes the most part.
Illeris, Knud. “Transfer of Learning in the Learning Society.” Learning, Development and Education. Routledge, 2018. 112-123.