Public and Private Learning Institutions


In the quest for advanced learning, there is a choice by individual students to get enrolled in a private college or a public college. Their choices are influenced by specific factors that best suit them, where the end goal is finding education in an environment that one identifies with. The two institutions of learning have their similarities as well as differences.


Grading is essential in both institutions as it aids in evaluating and assessing undergraduates. The grades are used to motivate students to aim for higher grades. However, in both types of institutions, there is no transparency in the assessment of undergraduates. Instead, they use a technique of conventional wisdom. Grading was similar for both institutions from the beginning until when they started showing differences, where the cause for these differences is not well elaborated (Rojstaczer and Healy). Therefore, every institution needs to have a grading system to evaluate and motivate the learners.

Students in both higher learning institutions require funding through federal and state aid for those who cannot sponsor themselves. The funds are used for the activities within the universities and colleges. The institution’s respective boards have policies that govern their power to set the financial requirements. It is important to note that college attendance increases by 6% when the state provides a one-third increment of these funds. They are given to cater for tuition and other expenses for the poor students (Epple, Dennis, et al., 56). The learners have an equal opportunity in accessing these funds regardless of their requirements by their specific institutions of learning. There are no barriers that would discriminate and eventually deny access to the funding.

The organizational structure of an institution, whether public or private, should guarantee the students’ completion of a program successfully. This is from their entry into the institution to the completion of their courses (Judith, 34). The college ensures that all operations and procedures carried out are aimed at promoting the student’s success and ensuring that they access information needed for their courses. The public and private institutions have a broad range of programs that have flexible schedules, and this is aimed at attracting many students to join. To ensure successful completion, the policies, programs and procedures should be structured to improve the experience and have a positive influence to the students to attain their academic goals.

Leadership protocols are essential for both public and private universities. It is part of the organizational and academic disciplines to facilitate learning and provide an environment that supports education. The leadership roles are designated depending on the behavior and or the personalities of the selected leaders that differentiate them from those who are not leaders. In both institutions, the leader should have the capacity to influence others and possesses managerial authority. The leadership styles are transactional and transformational to help in their running (Bodla and Muhammad, 12). Both institutions recognize leadership’s importance in achieving professional education development


The public and private universities have had a change the grading over time from being a measure internally and motivation for the performance of individual students to a standard of external evaluation for graduates (Rojstaczer and Christopher, 5). The private institutions raise their grades more than the public institutions so that they could have better grades for their students and thus giving them the advantage of placement in better positions by employers. On the other hand, public institutions are positively skewed in terms of grading as they are governed by set guidelines that govern public institutions. They tend to have lower retention, which leads to their graduates being disadvantaged in job placements.

An insight on funding of private and public colleges, the private institutions tend to skew their tuition by viewing the students’ ability and wealth. They engage the pricing by putting considerations on income to get extra revenue from their students and the aid given by the state. On the other hand, the public institutions have a regulatory body, the state. It requires them to provide affordable education. The institutions do not have the power to set their tuition and financial aid policies. They get their direct subsidies from the state legislatures a reduction in the state subsidies, but having increased education decreases the college population. An increase in state funding ensures that lower-income students remain in college. Public colleges reduce the threshold of out-of-state students because they pay more for their tuitions, thereby leading to reduced revenue losses from state subsidies (Epple et al., 14). The private colleges have no capacity for growth, but the less privileged ones have increased demand and tend to benefit when these public colleges become expensive.

The structural composition of public and private institutions has excellent contrast. Scott- Clayton points out that, students have different experiences in public institutions regarding access to information compared to private institutions (14). Public institution learners experience barriers in the communication channel compared to private institution students. A learner in a private institution is more likely to know the courses needed for a specific degree program and what is required for the program because they have well-structured programs that give very few loopholes for mistakes than a public institution learner who will discover that the course they are partaking does not count toward their desired degree because of the complexity of the college experience. This is because the organization of the public institution is too broad and not well defined to give clear guidelines for specific programs and thus disadvantages the learners.

In leadership styles, public and private institutions prefer using the transformational and transactional styles independently. Institutions adopt a transformational leadership style that focuses on being proactive and leading their followers towards achieving extraordinary goals. They influence the behavior attributes and engage them in focusing on the future (Bodla and Muhammad, 23). On the other hand, public institutions use the transactional style of leadership, in which case the leader leads the followers based on fulfilling the contractual obligations, where they set objectives and monitor the outcomes.


To sum up, public and private institutions seem similar, but they have different aspects that set them apart. The way they put their grading standards, the mode of gauging their financial acquisition from the state and the students, structural composition, and leadership. Therefore, it is clear that, in the quest for deciding which institution to enroll in, one has to consider what their capabilities are and if they will cope with each of the requirements and standards for each institution. The public and private universities also ensure that they have proper systems in place and that policies are easy to follow for effective performance.

Works cited

Bodla, Mahmood, and Muhammad Nawaz. N.p., 2010. Web.

Epple, Dennis, et al. The us market for higher education: A general equilibrium analysis of state and private colleges and public funding policies. No. w19298. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2019.

Rojstaczer, Stuart, and Christopher Healy. “Grading in American colleges and universities.” Teachers College Record (2020).

Scott-Clayton, Judith. “The Shapeless River: Does a Lack of Structure Inhibit Students’ Progress at Community Colleges? CCRC Working Paper No. 25. Assessment of Evidence Series.” Community College Research Center, Columbia University (2021).

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ChalkyPapers. 2023. "Public and Private Learning Institutions." March 22, 2023.

1. ChalkyPapers. "Public and Private Learning Institutions." March 22, 2023.


ChalkyPapers. "Public and Private Learning Institutions." March 22, 2023.