The survey presented by Khan et al. in 2018 comprised the base of the current study. Khan et al. clarify that it was in the form of a questionnaire, which was developed via the pre-existing literature. Moreover, essential changes were implemented in the questionnaire to match the Saudi EFL context. The questions involved in the survey were admitted by Saudi Context university teachers and researchers. Khan et al. highlight that they asked the mentioned researchers for their opinion on the questionnaire and made appropriate corrections following their comments. Its content includes 4 parts and 25 items devoted to different topics. EFL teachers’ demographic was in the first section, which involves questions, prompting discussions on gender, teaching experience, and professional development on MALL. The second one was devoted to the topic of teachers’ attitude to Mall, while the third theme regarded probable changes in MALL implementation. Proficiency identification in developing MALL activities was discussed in the last part.
In the spring of 2021, the data from questionnaire answers were collected. Google forms were utilized to spread the survey on different social media to elementary EFL teachers. To analyze the received data, the figures were impotent in Excel, and after that, they were uploaded in SPSS 27.0. A one-way multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was utilized for matching the attitudes of respondents and perception of their proficiency in MALL, and the analysis was based on demographic factors. It was possible to divide the variables into dependent, such as gender, teaching experience, and professional development, and independent. Both female and male respondents participated in the survey, and the teachers could be divided into the following groups on their experience 0-10 years, 11-20 years, and 21-30 years.