The Parental Involvement Statistical Study


The lived experience of being involved in a teacher’s parent engagement and involvement provides much meaning to both parents and teachers. They perceive it as a practice that helps enhance children’s social skills and academic performance, which has a significant impact on their development and learning. Moreover, teacher-parent engagement and involvement allow children to improve their communication skills when talking to adults. Therefore, parents and teachers perceive the essence and meaningful of the lived experience of teacher parent engagement by looking at the benefits that accrue from such a relationship (Zhang, 2015). Some of the most notable include enhancing children’s social skills and academic performance.

On the other hand, parents and teachers describe parent-teacher involvement and engagement as a worthwhile practice because of its ability to change children’s behavior. It makes them more confident and proud while performing their tasks. They feel that the activity is desirable and practical because parents and teachers drive it. Finally, they felt that is effective because it produced positive results.

Parents and teachers interpreted the practice in several ways. First, they thought that the activity helped children observe adults performing labor work at the center. They felt that it is an activity that allows children to be more responsible concerning the activities they undertake under the supervision of both teachers and parents. There is no feeling on the part of the participants that teachers use parents to get tasks done. Instead, they interpret such activities as part of a community initiative involving all participants who aim to make the community healthy.


The strategies used to make the study valid will include member checking and audit trail. It is essential to make the outcomes of the research to be more transparent and trustworthy. The study will adopt the member checking strategy to validate respondents in the exercise. It helps validate the credibility of the results since data is sent back to the respondents to confirm whether it is an accurate representation of their opinions (Birt et al., 2016).

Another strategy to be used in the study is an audit trail whose validity relies heavily on the findings based on the participant’s responses and not the bias and preconceptions held by the researcher. It is an in-depth approach that involves the participants’ narratives and a description of how data is collected and analyzed in a transparent manner (Statistics Solutions, n.d.). It includes examples of the coding process used and how one works from an individual code to themes, including the reason for clustering specific codes together to formulate a theme.

Research Procedure

The study is to use the Grounded Theory Method to create a conceptual framework and discover human behavior, relationships, and experiences. The study will involve a series of interviews that will be used to collect data. On the other hand, the employing institution would seek approval to conduct the study, including a play center, child care center, kindergarten, and umbrella organization (Wu et al., 2019). Informed consent will also be sought from participating parents and teachers who will be interviewed using the relational approach that elicits narratives of lived experiences in a setting of two people.

Data collection will be followed by initial sampling and theoretical sampling. The initial sample will consist of four parents and seven teachers from the childcare center. On the other side, the theoretical sample will include five parents, four kindergarten teachers, and three parents from the play center. The centers will be situated in the Central North Island town of New Zealand. Twenty-one interviews, which will last 60-80 minutes, will be conducted with eleven teachers and twelve parents.


Finally, Glaser’s three-stage coding will be used to analyze data. It will involve open coding where the researcher will have to go through the data per line. Codes will be attached to data and left to stay open (Santos et al., 2018). Selective coding will also group the open codes into different categories. Moreover, theoretical coding will be used to identify relationships between these categories.


Statistics Solutions. (n.d.) Audit Trails in Qualitative Research. Retrieved from: Audit Trails in Qualitative Research – Statistics Solutions.

Birt, L., Scott, S., Cavers, D., Campbell, C. & Walter, F. (2016). Member Checking: A Tool to Enhance Trustworthiness or Merely a Nod to Validation? Quality Health Res (26) 13: 1802-1811.

Wu, Y., Howarth, M., Zhou, C., Hu, M., & Cong, W. (2019). Reporting ethical approval and informed consent in clinical research published in leading nursing journals: a retrospective observational study. BMC Medical Ethics, 20(1), 1-10.

Santos, J. L. G. D., Cunha, K. S. D., Adamy, E. K., Backes, M. T. S., Leite, J. L., & Sousa, F. G. M. D. (2018). Data analysis: comparison between the different methodological perspectives of the Grounded Theory. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP, 52.

Zhang, Q. (2015). Defining ‘Meaningfulness’: Enabling Preschoolers to get the most out of Parental Involvement. Australasian Journal of Early Childhood, 40(4), 112-120.

Cite this paper

Select style


ChalkyPapers. (2023, April 19). The Parental Involvement Statistical Study. Retrieved from


ChalkyPapers. (2023, April 19). The Parental Involvement Statistical Study.

Work Cited

"The Parental Involvement Statistical Study." ChalkyPapers, 19 Apr. 2023,


ChalkyPapers. (2023) 'The Parental Involvement Statistical Study'. 19 April.


ChalkyPapers. 2023. "The Parental Involvement Statistical Study." April 19, 2023.

1. ChalkyPapers. "The Parental Involvement Statistical Study." April 19, 2023.


ChalkyPapers. "The Parental Involvement Statistical Study." April 19, 2023.