Human Development & Adult Learning Theories

Human development is a fundamental factor in the evolution of civilization as a whole. This term is complex and interacts with many other indicators of vital human activity. There are five interesting parts in this field that draw one’s attention: strategic HR aspects, organizations, relation to the economy, selecting human resources, and training. In addition to being linked to economics, human development also has common aspects in adult learning theories.

Nowadays, the theme of Human Resources is interesting to study as it is a relevant issue of the modern world. One can make such a thesis since it is related even to economic development. Thus, Rahim et al. (2021) argued that human resources development along with financial, industrialization, and technological innovation synthesize economic growth. In addition, it draws one’s attention since being connected with sustainable human resource management. This model refers to the aspect combining sustainability with the gentle approach to human resources (Katarzyna, 2021). It is also informative how human resources development influences certain organizations or countries. Therefore, the human resources issue appears not only as a critical indicator of life level but also as an economic tool.

Human resources play a vital role in the functioning not only of certain organizations. According to Zhou, nowadays, it is an essential factor in developing various enterprises and even countries (2021). The interesting fact is that human resources as a body of a company directly influences its profit in the aspect of a workplace. Indeed, the workforce of any organization depends on the staff’s professionalism, which is controlled by the human resources body’s work. One should consider that a “resource” is every employee who increases the company’s value and efficiency, who is a source of income of the enterprise (Razvan & Lihandru, 2020). No wonder that it is such a crucial factor of any organization and is paid so much attention.

Adult education can be characterized as a part of human resources development in a narrower sense, as these two aspects have a similar basis: gaining new information. Two theories, namely social learning and experiential, are foundations of adult education since these processes imply an analysis of data. Gweon (2021) claims that “social learning is often portrayed as a passive process of copying and trusting others” (p. 1). Experiential learning is effective in adult education since adults have great life experience and cognitive ability to reflect, which is fundamental in this theory. However, the education of adults in a broader sense means that an external object provides data. Nevertheless, the basic principle is similar: the person is obtained with new “material” to analyze.

While exploring the theme of human resources, one can found some exciting claims. Thus, Pata et al. admit that “human development and renewable energy consumption are two essential factors in the fight against environmental pollution” (2021). It was surprisingly informative as one could not expect human resources development to affect environmental issues. However, it has a logical connection as human development means an increasing level of education and knowledge of people. It leads to more effective work of scientific bodies and ecologists, which means a more qualitative fight against humanity’s problems.

Summarizing up, one can conclude that human resources is a broad term and exciting theme to explore. It plays a vital role in the development of both organizations and countries. In turn, one can notice how adult education can align with the current understanding of socialexperiential learning theories. All of this formulates the relevance and necessity of further studying these areas.


Rahim, S., Murshed, M., Umarbeyli, S., Kirikkaleli, D., Ahmad, M., Tufali, M., & Wahab, S. (2021). Do natural resources abundance and human capital development promote economic growth? Resources, Environment and Sustainability, 4(100018). Web.

Gweon, H. (Ed.). (2021). Inferential social learning: Cognitive foundations of human social learning and teaching. Trends in cognitive science. Web.

Zhou, D. (2021). Role of green data center in human resources development model. Sustainable Computing: Informatics and Systems, 30(492). Web.

Katarzyna, P. S. (2021) Human resources development as an element of sustainable HRM – with the focus on production engineers. Journal of Cleaner Production, 278(124008). Web.

Razvan, I. S., Lihandru, M. (2020). The influence of the social, political and economic impact on human resources, as a determinant factor of sustainable development. Procedia Economics and Finance, 39, pp. 820-826. Web.

Pata, U. K., Avdin, M., & Haouas, I. (2021). Are natural resources abundance and human development a solution for environmental pressure? Resources Policy, 70(101923). Web.

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ChalkyPapers. 2023. "Human Development & Adult Learning Theories." October 16, 2023.

1. ChalkyPapers. "Human Development & Adult Learning Theories." October 16, 2023.


ChalkyPapers. "Human Development & Adult Learning Theories." October 16, 2023.